Why soils are important for your woods?

Soil forms the foundation of all woodlands, determining what types of plant species can grow well, which in turn determines what type of animals can live in a particular forest. Soil also plays an important role in watershed health. 

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For trees, soil provides food and water, the very basic necessities for plant survival. The type of soil in a given location determines just how much food and moisture are available for trees and other plants. Some soil types hold water well and provide a good medium for the microorganisms that break down organic matter into nutrients, others do not. This crucial difference in soils can determine which trees are able to survive and thrive in a particular location.

Assessing the soils in your woods will give you important information about the current health of your land and help you determine how and what types of management activities will lead to a healthier forest system. A good place to start is to learn some basic soil science, and a little bit about the types of soil that may be present in your woodland.

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